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achilles

Achilles Tendon Rupture Learn More »

The Achilles tendon is one of the longest tendons, running from the bones of the heel to the calf muscle. Too much force on the tendon can cause it to tear partially or rupture completely. Causes Overuse Increasing physical activity levels too quickly Not adequately stretching before exercise Wearing high heels, which increases the stress […]

hamstring

Hamstring Injuries Learn More »

The hamstrings are the large muscles running down the backs of the legs, connecting the pelvis to the lower leg bones. Injuries to the hamstring are most common in athletic spots that involve powerful accelerations, fast decelerations, or prolonged running. The hamstring muscle group is actually made up of three muscles: the biceps femoris, semitendinosus […]

hip

Hip Tears & Impingements Learn More »

The hip joint, a ball and socket joint, is made up of the bones of the femoral head (ball) and the acetabulum (socket and part of the pelvis). Like all joints, the hip joint is protected by cartilage, specifically articular cartilage. Another type of cartilage, the labrum, surrounds the socket part of the joint. Hip […]

knee

Knee – ACL Injuries Learn More »

The hinged knee joint is held together by four ligaments: the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), medial collateral ligament (MCL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and lateral collateral ligament (LCL). ACL Injuries The ACL runs diagonally across the middle of the knee, keeping the tibia from sliding in front of the femur. It also offers rotational stability […]

knee

Knee – MCL & LCL Injuries Learn More »

The hinged knee joint is held together by four ligaments: the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), medial collateral ligament (MCL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and lateral collateral ligament (LCL). Collateral Ligament Injuries The collateral ligaments, MCL and LCL, run along the sides of the knee. The MCL runs along the inside of the knee and connects […]

knee

Knee – PCL Injuries Learn More »

The hinged knee joint is held together by four ligaments: the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), medial collateral ligament (MCL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) and lateral collateral ligament (LCL). PCL Injuries The PCL is located at the back of the knee and keeps the tibia from sliding backwards. The cruciate ligaments sit inside of the knee […]

Meniscal

Knee – Meniscus Injuries Learn More »

Meniscal tears are one of the most common knee injuries. The meniscus are two pieces of cartilage that acts as shock-absorbers between between the thighbone and shinbone. These two bones, along with the kneecap, make up the knee joint. Causes The meniscus tear most often during contact sports, but can also tear because of degeneration. […]

patellar

Patellar Tendon Injuries Learn More »

The patellar tendon attaches the bottom of the kneecap (patella) to the top of the shin bone (tibia). It works with the quadriceps muscle and quadriceps tendon to straighten the knee. When injured, the patellar tendon can tear partially or completely. Partial tears stretch the tendon too far, tearing fibers in the process. A complete […]

rotator-cuff

Rotator Cuff Tears Learn More »

The shoulder is a ball and socket joint, with the head of the upper arm bone (ball) fitting into a shallow socket of the shoulder blade. The arm is kept in this socket by the rotator cuff, a group of four muscles that cover the ball, or top of the upper arm bone. A bursa […]

tennis-elbow

Tennis Elbow Learn More »

The elbow joint consists of the upper arm bone and the tone bones of the forearm. Muscles, tendons and ligaments hold the joint together. Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is inflammation of the tendons that connect the forearm muscles to the bones. Causes Tennis elbow is often caused by damage to a specific forearm muscle. […]